Tag Archives: community

Fine Art, Social Change, and Community Involvement

Laurie and Debbie say:

A connection of ours who does excellent community work, including in the field of fat activism, has asked us to summarize how we create community involvement (especially diversity of involvement) in our work. Because all of the work we did before Body Impolitic was done before the explosion of social media, much of it would be done differently now–and at the same time, we both believe that face-to-face contact is a profoundly important piece of connecting to any community.

The basis of most of our social change work is Laurie’s photography, which is fine art first, and then becomes a tool for social change. A working artist all her life, Laurie became a photographer initially to create Women En Large. She says, “Artistically, I envision the world in black and white. I never considered being a color photographer. When I’m shooting, I don’t think about the message. I’m too busy working with the model to capture a mood, a facial expression, a pose in which they are comfortable, or a particular combination of visual balances. Each photograph is a stand-alone work of art.”



The way we integrate text with exhibitions of the photographs is one way we bring social change in to the fine art context. All museum and gallery shows have embedded text by models and others. The presence of the text strongly encourages the audience to see the work in a community context, fine-art photographs and related words, showcasing the diversity within an identified group.

Developing appropriate wide-ranging diversity in the photographs, as well as developing appropriate complementary text, requires a great deal of community work. From the very beginning of our collaboration in the United States, we have reached out to the community of people being photographed (fat women for Women En Large, men for Familiar Men, and later Japanese women for Women of Japan).

All three portrait suites are designed to provide an opportunity for people in the group being photographed (fat women, men, women in Japan) to see people “who look like them.” In a media-saturated culture, whether in the U.S., in Europe, in Japan, or around the globe, we are inundated with (photo-manipulated and literally unattainable) images of whatever the most conventional current representations of beauty happen to be, and almost no images of anyone outside the standard. Whether the marker is race, ethnicity, skin color, age, weight, class, ability, or anything else, those who do not come close to the conventional, unrealistic “norms” are, in our experience, hungry, often desperate, for attractive, respectful images of people they can imagine themselves being.

Each portrait suite includes a wide range of people in the group being photographed, including differences in age, race, ethnicity, class, size, etc. To accomplish this, we needed to show early photographs to the widest possible range of potential models, hear people’s suggestions and ask as many questions as we can think of: what do you want to see in these pictures? Who is missing? What kinds of images do you wish you had available? What do you have to say about the topic? What works? What doesn’t? What could we be doing better? We use the responses to these questions to continually refine and improve the work.

Over and over, during all three projects, when people saw photographs of people like themselves, or like people they cared about, they were deeply touched, which translated into a desire to work with us on the project. People became invested in seeing the work completed, and widely available.

People she knew introduced Laurie to models, from college professors to sewing-machine operators.  Ideally, she and the prospective model would have tea, looking at some sample photographs and text and discussing the project.  Very often the models had already been introduced to the work.  She asked the models to decide where they wanted to be photographed.  The places they chose reflected how they lived and perceived themselves.  Laurie wants the portraits not only to convey a sense of the person being photographed, but also to provide a sense of their lives that went beyond a photograph taken in the moment.

This comment from one of the Women of Japan models is exactly what Laurie strives for:

I assumed that I would be asked to pose as a “model Ainu,” and so I prepared my traditional Ainu garment to be photographed in.  And so when I was asked to pose as “My naked self” and as “a woman,” I felt suddenly quite nervous.  To be honest, my real intention was to be photographed wearing the Ainu traditional dress. But, Laurie’s passion was communicated to me through the lens of the camera, your “naked self,” “pose as you like,” and yet I feel that my face was still quite nervous.  Laurie said “relax” with a smiling face, and waited until I felt comfortable – I felt happiness from my heart.  To sit or stand in front of a camera lens is no simple task, and this was definitely a good experience for me.

– Komatsuda Hatumi, Women of Japan model and collaborator

Both in the United States and in Japan, we most often speak and write about the fine art and social change aspects of our work, and in both places (including in this post) we have also been invited to speak specifically about our practices of community involvement and how they work.

Community outreach to groups you don’t personally identify with takes far more time, effort and creativity than outreach to “people like you.” Without thinking about it, you know where “people like you” gather, what general things they expect and want, what messages they will respond to. And they are inclined to trust you simply because they recognize you. “People not like you,” on the other hand, will by definition have different experiences, expectations and motives, and be slower to trust. And groups are always composed of individuals, and general assumptions about the group are dangerous. It’s all about taking time, building trust, watching and listening, being open to change how you do things because you value the input, and making the diverse involvement deep, long-term, and necessary to the project.

(A different version of this post is in our essay on “Body Image in Japan and the United States” for the journal Japan Focus.)

Design, Dignity, and Community

Laurie and Debbie say:

We were struck by this short piece by Courtney at Feministing about the new offices of GEMS, a nonprofit organization serving girls and young women who have been in the world of domestic trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation. Basically, GEMS worked with a local architecture firm who designed their space as a charitable donation.

Courtney is responding to the way many people involved in social change “initially dismiss such efforts as nice window-dressing in comparison to the “real issues” that we must tackle as feminist activists.”

That kind of dismissal is understandable: effectively all nonprofits want to do more than they can do, and the more that they are attempting to serve an under-resourced and under-protected population, the harder it is to put either money or energy into the design of their own space.

Nonetheless, Courtney is also right when she says (quoting herself in an earlier post at The American Prospect):

Suddenly, I realized how deeply I was affected, how deeply all human beings are affected, by the spaces we inhabit. All of these profound, if unconscious, messages are spoken to us through color, shape, space, air, light, or lack thereof.

If an organization is working in a space where the people they serve spend time, it’s really important to make that space respectful, and welcoming. Note that this doesn’t necessarily mean spending money: we’ve all seen beautiful apartments (and even the occasional beautiful office) put together from Salvation Army and craigslist bits and pieces by someone with a good eye. It also doesn’t necessarily mean finding architects who will design your space for you, which might be “free” design in money, but takes energy, time management, and finding the money to make the design a reality.

What it does mean is finding out from the people you work with what makes them comfortable as a group. Individuals have different tastes, but ethnicity, age and class (among other things) all affect patterns of expectation and comfort levels. What feels respectful and easy to the people who come in and out? What feels off-putting or makes them feel like they “don’t belong”? What free or inexpensive sources can they identify for items that enhance comfort and livability? Which of those choices also work for the staff and volunteers? Where are the compromises and when is it important not to compromise? This process also takes energy and time management–and helps the organization create a community of staff, volunteers, and the people for whom the organization exists. And it will also result in choices that surprise almost everyone–usually in really helpful ways.

For organizations that don’t have people coming in and out, the same community process will work with the staff and volunteers as community–and again pay back the energy it takes to get through the process.

Resources are always limited: you will never have enough money, time, and energy. Sometimes you really don’t have the resources to contend with this issue at all. Sometimes the space seems intractable (and sometimes it is). But this is a process where, if you can get it going, the process will greatly benefit your organization and your community.